ASCO 2015. News in Hematology: GADOLIN Trial

American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) 2015

ASCO 2015 Abstract LBA8502. GADOLIN: Primary results from a phase III study of obinutuzumab plus bendamustine compared with bendamustine alone in patients with rituximab-refractory indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Laurie Helen Sehn, BC Cancer Agency

Background: Treatments are limited and outcomes poor in rituximab-refractory (Rit-Ref) iNHL. Bendamustine (B) has a 9 mo median PFS and 10 mo response duration in ph II trials. Obinutuzumab (GA101/Gazyva [G]) is a glycoengineered type II aCD20 mAb with activity and acceptable safety in Rit-Ref NHL.

Methods: GADOLIN (NCT01059630) is a ph III open label study in pts with CD20+ Rit-Ref iNHL. In the B arm, pts received B 120 mg/m2 (d1+2, c1–6) alone; GB arm pts received B 90 mg/m2 (d1+2, c1–6) with G 1000 mg (d1, 8, 15 c1, d1 c2–6) for up to six 28d cycles. Non-PD GB pts then received G monotherapy every 2 mo for up to 2 yrs. Primary endpoint was PFS assessed by an independent radiology facility (IRF), with 80% power to detect 43% improvement in median PFS. 

Results: In the protocol specified interim analysis, 396 pts were randomized to receive B (n = 202 [198 treated]) or GB (n = 194). The IDMC recommended to unblind the study as the primary endpoint had been reached (4 Feb 2015). Baseline characteristics were balanced between arms. Median age was 63 yrs and pts had a median of 2 prior therapies. Median observation time was 20 mo (B) and 22 mo (GB). IRF-assessed median PFS was 14.9 mo (B) and not reached (NR) for GB (HR 0.55, 95% CI 0.4–0.74; p = 0.00011). Median investigator-assessed PFS was 14 mo for B and 29 mo for GB (HR 0.52, 95% CI 0.39–0.70; p < 0.0001). There were no significant differences in IRF-assessed ORR (63.0% B vs 69.1% GB) or CR (12.2% B vs 11.2% GB) at end of induction, in IRF-assessed best overall response up to 12 mo from start of treatment (76.6% B vs 78.6% GB), or in preliminary OS (median OS NR in either arm). In the treatment period, there were fewer Grade ≥ 3 adverse events with B than GB (62.1% B vs 68% GB), notably neutropenia (26.3% B vs 33.0% GB) and infusion-related reactions (3.5% B vs 8.8% GB), but more Grade ≥ 3 thrombocytopenia (16.2% B vs 10.8% GB), anemia (10.1% B vs 7.7% GB) and pneumonia (5.6% B vs 2.6% GB). 

Conclusions: G combined with B (90 mg/m2) followed by G maintenance significantly improved PFS vs B alone (120 mg/m2) in Rit-Ref iNHL. The clinically meaningful PFS improvement with GB is the first randomized evidence of benefit for a novel aCD20 mAb in Rit-Ref iNHL. Clinical trial information: NCT01059630


CARE Faculty Perspective:

This is a large RCT performed in Rituximab-refractory indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The trial met its’ primary endpoint with an improvement for obinutuzumab in combination with bendamustine followed by obinutuzumab maintenance over bendamustine alone. The PFS HR is impressive at 0.52 but the PFS curves suggest that this may be an effect of the maintenance. It is interesting to see that the response rate to BG was similar to B alone and. The OS in both arms is similar although follow-up remains short.

Along with the CLL11, this is the second RCT showing significant improvements over standard chemotherapy with the use of obinutuzumab. Taken together, both trials show improved activity over rituximab and activity in a rituximab-refractory population. Given the activity of the agent, this trial represents an important step forward in the management of iNHL.

- CARE Hematology Faculty

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